A Two Process Cotton Fragment: Katazome and Clamp Resist Dyeing
ca. mid twentieth century
21" x 12 1/4", 53.25 cm x 31 cm
This is an interesting fragment of indigo dyed cotton which shows two dyeing techniques, one on top of the other.
The base is a katazome dyed pattern called sayagata. This popular interlocking Buddhist-based motif shows a swastika at the center of the repeated pattern; it was borrowed from a Chinese design. Often the sayagata pattern can be seen woven into rinzu silk which is a silk satin damask.
This piece of cloth, probably not hand loomed cotton, shows a very clearly defined sayagata pattern, white on blue.
Overlaid on this are sharp, narrow slashes of deep indigo color, most likely achieved by some kind of itajime shibori technique, either by carefully clamping and folding before dyeing, or by using carved itajime boards to imprint this design onto the cloth.
A really beautiful and complex piece of old cotton, and one with a very ingenious dyeing technique applied.